Nowadays, in many developed countries, people are becoming increasingly interested in the practical benefits of science and technology. In such a situation, it is gradually becoming more difficult to maintain a wide range of basic research. For example, in June 2015, the Japanese Education Ministry issued a directive to 86 national universities to review their current undergraduate and graduate programs focusing on practical science. For more than a decade, I have studied the history of science and technology policy in 20th century Japan, especially in the mobilization of science and technology in the 1930s and early 1940s. I analyze the formation and transformation of wide‐ranging science and technology promotion systems in Japan. My research will provide useful information to have an overview of the currentstate of affairs, emphasizing society’simmediate needs.
See http://researchmap.jp/read0103516/?lang=english or email [email protected]